Sunday, March 15, 2020
How to Get Into Princeton 3 Expert Admissions Tips SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Princeton is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in the world, admitting less than eight percent of students every year. In order to be one of them, you need to make sure that your application stands out from the other tens of thousands of applicants the admissions committee must review. In this article, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll break down exactly how to get into Princeton, starting with how difficult it is to get in. Then, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll move into talking about the test scores, essays, and supplemental materials youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to really make your application stand out. How Hard Is It to Get Into Princeton? Princeton is an extremely competitive university. As of July 2018, PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s admissions rate was just 5.5%, making it one of the most selective schools in the entire world. Like many other colleges and universities, PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s only getting more selective - their admissions rate has fallen in recent years as more and more students apply. If you want to be one of the students admitted to the next Princeton University freshman class, you need to make sure your application reflects why you would be a great addition to the school. What Is Princeton Looking for in Its Students? If Princeton is so competitive, how can you make your application stand out? In short, you need to focus on what makes you, you. On PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s undergraduate admissions website, the school offers several tips for how to get into Princeton. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take a look at what they are: #1: Challenge Yourself Academically Princeton recommends that students have coursework in the following subject areas: Four years of English Four years of mathematics (including calculus for students interested in engineering) Four years of one foreign language At least two years of laboratory science (including physics and chemistry for students interested in engineering) At least two years of history But simply checking off those boxes wonÃ¢â¬â¢t make you stand out. You need to demonstrate that youÃ¢â¬â¢ve challenged yourself academically; that means signing up for advanced coursework, like AP or IB classes. You need to show that youÃ¢â¬â¢re up to the challenge of PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s rigorous academic requirements. #2: Spend Time on Your Essays Princeton requires its applicants to write at least two essays and two short answer questions (three essays if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve indicated an interest in Engineering). The admissions blog recommends taking your time on your essays. Use your essays as an opportunity to show off your writing skills. Your work should be polished and written in your own voice. #3: Focus on What Makes You Stand Out Finally, Princeton wants its students to demonstrate exceptionalism in and out of the classroom. The vast majority of students who apply to Princeton will have a stellar academic track record. You need to show the admissions committee what makes you different from the other thousands of applicants. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll return to these tips more in a later section. Can You Apply to Princeton Early? Princeton offers single-choice early action. Single-choice early action program is a non-binding process, which means that if youÃ¢â¬â¢re admitted, you have until May 1 to notify Princeton about your decision to attend. If you apply single-choice early action, also known as restrictive early action, on November 1, you may not apply to an early program at any other private college or university. However, you can still apply early to other schools. Here are the exceptions to the single-choice process: You may apply early to any public institution or service academy, as long as the decision is non-binding. You may apply early to any international institution, as long as the decision is non-binding. You may apply early to any college or university with a non-binding rolling admission process. You should only apply to Princeton early action if Princeton is your first choice, since youÃ¢â¬â¢ll save money on other apps if youÃ¢â¬â¢re accepted. That being said, applying early doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t offer any significant statistical advantage over applying at the regular decision deadline, so if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not all in on Princeton, you can wait a few more months to submit your application. Princeton Application Deadlines and Requirements Here are the important dates and requirements for applying to Princeton: Due on November 1 for Early-Action Students Application and Princeton Supplement Graded Written Paper School Report, Guidance Counselor Letter and Transcript Teacher Evaluation Form 1 Teacher Evaluation Form 2 Due on January 1 for Regular Decision Students Application and Princeton Supplement Graded Written Paper School Report, Guidance Counselor Letter and Transcript Teacher Evaluation Form 1 Teacher Evaluation Form 2 You can apply to Princeton using the Common Application, the Coalition Application, or the Universal Application. No matter which of those three you use, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll also have to submit the Princeton Supplement. What GPA Do I Need to Get Into Princeton? YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll need a strong GPA to get into Princeton. The average unweighted GPA of PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s admitted students is 3.9. Princeton admitted less than 10% of students whose GPAÃ¢â¬â¢s were under 3.8 in 2018. If your grades arenÃ¢â¬â¢t the best, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to really strengthen other parts of your application, like your essays and your extracurricular activities. What Test Scores Do I Need to Get Into Princeton? Unsurprisingly, PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s admitted applicants also have high test scores. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take a look at the SAT and ACT scores youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to be competitive in Princeton admissions. What SAT Scores Do I Need to Get Into Princeton? The vast majority of admitted students at Princeton score above 1500 on the SAT. The average SAT composite score of PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s admitted applicants is 1520. While Princeton doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a hard cutoff in terms of SAT scores, the data speaks volumes: Princeton accepted less than 5% of applicants who had scored under 1400 on their SATs. Go down 100 points and the numbers are starker: Princeton accepted barely 1% of students who had a 1300 or lower. If you want to be a competitive applicant at Princeton, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need great test scores. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not quite at a 1500 yet, donÃ¢â¬â¢t panic. Invest in some solid test prep materials, make a study plan, and stick to it. What ACT Scores Do I Need to Get Into Princeton? The average ACT scores of PrincetonÃ¢â¬â¢s admitted applicants are also high. Princeton accepted less than 1% of students who scored under a 27 on their ACTs. In order to have the best shot of admission, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need at least a 32 to be in the middle range of admitted applicants. Princeton Application Essays Princeton likes a well-rounded student and your essays are one of the best places to show off what makes you unique. Princeton requires a total of two essays and two short answers from all applicants for admission. One of these essays will answer a prompt provided by the Common Application, Coalition Application, or Universal College Application (depending on which one you choose to submit your Princeton application through). The other essay and the two short answers are part of the Princeton Supplement. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re interested in Engineering, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll also have to submit the Engineering Essay as part of the Princeton Supplement. The good news about the Princeton essays is that you get to pick what you write about. Here are the prompts for the Princeton Supplement essay: Tell us about a person who has influenced you in a significant way. This prompt might look easy to answer, but remember that your ultimate goals here are to make your voice clear and stand apart from other applicants in a positive way. Think carefully about whom you choose to write about. Lots of applicants tend to opt for the celebrity route, which is fine, but you need to be clear in your essay how this particular celebrity influenced you on a deeper, more personal level. In other words, choose someone who is meaningful to you. Ã¢â¬Å"One of the great challenges of our time is that the disparities we face today have more complex causes and point less straightforwardly to solutions.Ã¢â¬ Omar Wasow, assistant professor of politics, Princeton University. This quote is taken from Professor WasowÃ¢â¬â¢s January 2014 speech at the Martin Luther King Day celebration at Princeton University. This prompt is a little more academic-oriented than the first essay option, so make sure youÃ¢â¬â¢re prepared to write in-depth about a larger, more prominent social issue that affects not just you but lots of people. That being said, donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget to bring yourself into the essay. Remember that your ultimate goal is to explain a valuable experience youÃ¢â¬â¢ve had and how this experience has shaped who you are today. Ã¢â¬Å"Culture is what presents us with the kinds of valuable things that can fill a life. And insofar as we can recognize the value in those things and make them part of our lives, our lives are meaningful.Ã¢â¬ Gideon Rosen, Stuart Professor of Philosophy and director of the Behrman Undergraduate Society of Fellows, Princeton University. Just make sure that whatever approach you do, you emphasize how this cultural background, event, or experience has contributed to your development into the person you are today. For example, if you immigrated to the US as a child, you could write about your upbringing and how a specific instance with a teacher as a teenager helped you ultimately come to terms with and learn to accept your unique cultural identity. Using a favorite quotation from an essay or book you have read in the last three years as a starting point, tell us about an event or experience that helped you define one of your values or changed how you approach the world. Please write the quotation, title and author at the beginning of your essay. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve got the reins for this prompt, so write about whatever feels most natural and whatever you believe is worth writing about. This could be a specific person who you feel the quotation youÃ¢â¬â¢ve chosen resonates strongly with, or an event in your life whose meaning was made clearer to you through this quotation. The Princeton Supplement also requires you to answer two short answer questions: Please briefly elaborate on one of your extracurricular activities or work experiences that was particularly meaningful to you. Princeton is asking this question to figure out which activities youÃ¢â¬â¢ve done that are most valuable to you personally. This short essay is essentiallylike the longer personal essaya quick way for the admissions committee to get to know more about you and what motivates you in your spare time. Please tell us how you have spent the last two summers (or vacations between school years), including any jobs you have held. Princeton asks this question to not only get to know you better but also to see how you choose to occupy your time when youÃ¢â¬â¢re not in school. As with the first short answer, donÃ¢â¬â¢t simply summarize your experiences. Instead, focus on the most meaningful experiences youÃ¢â¬â¢ve had during this time and explain why they matter so much to you. Finally, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re interested in Engineering, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to answer the following essay question: If you are interested in pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Engineering degree, please write a 300-500 word essay describing why you are interested in studying engineering, any experiences in or exposure to engineering you have had and how you think the programs in engineering offered at Princeton suit your particular interests. Princeton asks for this essay to learn more about your background in engineering, what made you interested in the field, and why you think Princeton might be a good fit for you and your goals. Your goal here is not to come up with a creative way to define yourself or your values but to simply introduce your interest in engineering and elaborate on why you think the Princeton engineering program is well suited for your goals. Want an in-depth look at how to ace these essays? Check out our full blog post on the topic! (Coming soon!) 3 Tips for Getting Into Princeton Getting into Princeton isnÃ¢â¬â¢t easyÃ¢â¬ ¦ but itÃ¢â¬â¢s certainly not impossible! If you want to boost your chances at admission, follow these expert tips for how to get into Princeton. #1: Polish Your Academic Record You need to demonstrate some serious academic chops if you want to be accepted to Princeton. Your grades and your test scores need to be near perfect. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t expect to coast into Princeton if you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t put some serious work into both - you likely wonÃ¢â¬â¢t get in. And you canÃ¢â¬â¢t make up for years of bad grades by finally putting effort in the first semester of your senior year - youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to demonstrate a track record of academic achievement and rigor. Start working towards a 4.0 early. Make a plan to take the most rigorous courses your high school offers. When it comes time to take your standardized tests, make sure you study. Come up with a plan and stick to it. #2: Spend Serious Time on Your Essays Your Princeton essays are important. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t skimp on them or rush through! You should put hours of thought, writing, and revising time into each one. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t write what you think the admissions committee wants to hear. Write whatÃ¢â¬â¢s true for you. Remember, the admissions committee will be reading tens of thousands of essays. The ones that are trite or cliche will just become part of that noise. The essays that stand out will be the ones that are honest, sincere, and original. Use the essays are an opportunity to show who you really are. In other words, let them describe your spike. #3: Find Your Spike WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s a spike, you ask? In short, a spike is something that makes you stand out. Something that no (or very few) other applicants have. When youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying to college, itÃ¢â¬â¢s tempting to seem well-rounded and interested in all the things. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t do that. Your application wonÃ¢â¬â¢t stand out if youÃ¢â¬â¢re mediocre in band, on the track team, and on student council. It will stand out if you travel to Japan to perform with a world-class performance ensemble or qualify for the Olympic trials in shot put. When your focus is on one thing, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be better at it than if you have to split your time and attention. It will also be more impressive on your resume. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Even if you're only interested in Princeton, learning more about how to get into other selective schools, such as Harvard, can give you additional insight into how to polish up your application. Looking for application tips for other selective schools? Read our complete guides to the University of California system and to the Georgetown application. Should you apply early or regular decision to college? Find out the pros and cons of early decision in this article. Want to get into Princeton or your personal top choice college? We can help. PrepScholar Admissions is the world's best admissions consulting service. We combine world-class admissions counselors with our data-driven, proprietary admissions strategies. We've overseen thousands of students get into their top choice schools, from state colleges to the Ivy League. Learn more about PrepScholar Admissions to maximize your chance of getting in.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Marketing and choice - Essay Example At many times, it has been observed that businesses believe in many other important factors other than consumer behavior to create successful strategies, such as innovative products. Both the perspectives can be analyzed to conclude that whether consumer decisions and behaviors should influence the marketing strategies or not. Consumer buying decisions may be used by businesses to create successful marketing strategies, but at the same time these evaluations may result in risks and problems for the businesses. This report analyses the arguments provided by experts saying that consumer decisions and behaviors should be considered because they give an insight to the marketers about their potential buyers, while others argue it should not be considered as business marketing needs to be rather innovative; however there has not been any clear conclusion to the discussion as both aspects have their own positive and negative points. Many of the business analysts favorably suggest that consu mer decisions should be evaluated, examined and analyzed to set successful marketing strategies. This is because the customers are the major assets of the business as they enhance the growth, sales and profits of the business (Cheverton, 2005, p. 125). When a product is made, the first focus of the marketing department is to examine the target customers, position the product in the market and then create the marketing mix for the product. For these steps, the main feature is to select the targeted customers and reach up to their demands and expectations. As the business industry is becoming more and more competitive by every passing day, it is becoming even important for the businesses to recognize the tastes and behaviors of their new and existing customers. The industry today is full of complex customers who are highly informed and have high expectations. If the business wants to have a successful future, it has to consider and analyze the consumer decision making behaviors and se t their strategies according to that. Thus, it is the objective of the businessÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing department to observe and understand the behavior of the consumers and design their product just as it attracts them (Zeithaml, 1988, p. 2). In order to keep track of the consumer demands and expectations, the business needs to allocate its resources in a way that they are able to spend a decent proportion of funds in evaluating the consumer tastes and decisions. Olson writes, for this, the business also needs highly technical tools through which they can research the market trends in lesser time and get efficient results. Business analysts suggest that it is vital for the business to spend its money, time, resources and efforts in focusing and fulfilling consumer demands because without that, the business cannot form successful marketing strategies (Olson, 2010, p. 135). On the other hand, arguments against this fact suggest that as the consumers have become more complex, their demand s have increased. The businesses that evaluate and examine the consumer decisions must hire a separate team that will understand and analyze the psychological trends that move on in customers. The customers are now highly informed and thus the products that reach to them must be perfect according to what they expect. While this is an important aspect to consider, it is also undeniable that there are plenty of customers that are still unaware and simple. For these customers, high tech products or
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Recommendations for further studies - Article Example It may help them in taking adequate care and in designing their courses in a manner that takes into consideration such errors and help their students in successfully overcoming them. The copula, or rather the omission of the copula is one such error which is frequently observed in case of foreign students learning English, particularly Arabic students since there is no such verb in Arabic language structure. This paper on Ã¢â¬Å"The Omission of English Copula (verb to be) by Arabic students attempts to analyze various studies and historical evidences that supports such a fact and understand the difficulties faced by Arabic students. Various researchers, have frequently, relied on error analysis as the means of evaluating the occurrence of certain types of errors made by L2 learners to understand the pattern as well as reasons behind such errors. Richards et al (1996) states that error analysis have been frequently conducted by researchers to classify and develop strategies which may help the students in learning any language and obtain information on general complexities experienced by the students and help the teachers in preparing appropriate course materials. Michaelides (1990) suggests that the methodical evaluation of errors committed by students are of immense significance to researchers and all those concerned since it offers valuable insights into the students psyche in comprehending a foreign language (Abu-Jarad, 2008). It is on account of such reasons that this study is focused on the errors committed by Arab students of English language with regard to copula omission. A discussion of issues related to various topics such as: an overview of the Arabic language and its system; the difference between Arabic and English language structure in terms of speaking, writing etc; as well as the omission of copula in Arabic is presented in the literature review to afford a comprehensive understanding of such an issue, to the readers as well as future
Friday, January 31, 2020
Hong Kong affect its future economy Essay This research project seeks to bring out the effects of the Hong Kong population structure on the future economy of Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a booming economy being one of the major financial districts of the South Asian region and its changing population structure has a lot to do with its workforce and in turn affects its working culture and present and future economic structure as well. Research Question: The research question for this project seek to study how or to what extent the population structure a regards to age and gender or social characteristics of the population tend to affect the present and future economy of Hong Kong. So there are two parts to this research project Ã¢â¬â the first part analyzes the population structure of Hong Kong with regards to the age and gender or social status and the second part brings out the economic structure of Hong Kong from its past to present changes and the future of Hong Kong economy in a more globalized world and the impact of global markets on the financial centre of Asia. The focused research question in this case brings out several dimension of the study as through the analysis of the qualitative and quantitative dimensions, the subjective and objective aspects of the study. The impact of the changes in population structure on the economy could be understood on the basis of changing population numbers and percentages quantitatively and the socioeconomic changes as understood qualitatively. The research question essentially focuses on the qualitative and quantitative dimensions of the research as it seeks to bring out the impact of population change in economic structure of Hong Kong in a descriptive manner and in accordance with socioeconomic changes, as in influence of wage, gender, age gaps and changes etc an also the direct statistical values and correlations between population and economic structures in terms of numbers and statistical values. The research question on the extent to which population structure affects the Hong Kong economy thus brings out this Ã¢â¬ËextentÃ¢â¬â¢ in terms of numbers or real values as also in terms of description of changes in Hong Kong as what happens qualitatively when the population structure changes and what is the impact on the economy from a descriptive point of view. Like for example this can be related to lack of high living standards, poor health conditions of the elderly. These would be qualitative dimensions of the research and the values or percentages of changing population and simultaneously changing economy would be the quantitative aspects of research. These two methods are discussed further in the methodology section as given below. Background/Literature Review: A brief literature review is provided here and brings out the main points of research articles as published in journals and obtained from ingentaconnect or sciencedirect or JSTOR. The literature review is on the Hong Kong population and economic structure and articles published and written on these issues showing the impact of an ageing population on Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s economy and job prospects and on the industries in Hong Kong as influenced by a global economy and ageing population. In this literature review section a study by Leigh (2006), a research article by Chui published 2003 and another by Fan and Lui (2003) have been selected. LeighÃ¢â¬â¢s study shows the direct impact of ageing on Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s economy, fiscal changes and living standards. Chui shows how the ageing population face problems of survival and housing in a fast paced Hong Kong economy and Fan and Lui talk of gender and wage gap in Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s population that could redefine economic changes and structure. The studies chosen here highlight the qualitative aspects of the impact of ageing and gender changes in population or demography on the economic structure of Hong Kong. The participation of women has also increased significantly necessitating needs of study of the impact of gender on Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s economy and how womenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in the workplace can change things for the economy. In a research article on the population structure of Hong Kong, Leigh (2006) has suggested that Hong Kong SARÃ¢â¬â¢s population has been aging rapidly and aging could adversely affect the growth and living standards of people in Hong Kong. There has to be some change in economic and administrative policies in keeping with the aging or changing population according to the article. There is a high labor and productivity growth with increased migration of younger skilled workers from Chinese mainland in Hong Kong mainly due to Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s booming economy and although this attenuates the economic impact of aging, there is no full offset of the impact of aging population on the economic structure of Hong Kong. According to Leigh, aging puts considerable pressure on public finances particularly as with aging there is also rising health costs that directly affect government spending. There are relatively fewer options that government has and opportunities to implement polices on this are also limited that could lessen the impact of aging on the governance and structure as demographic effects would start setting in by 2015 when the ratio of working population would peak. The Hong Kong SAR authorities have been focused on administrative and governance policies that would limit or reduce the fiscal impact of aging and they have also provided continued expenditure restraint on reform of health care financing with private health insurance systems, along with tax reforms and non age sensitive areas (Leigh, 2006). Considering the gradual ageing problem of Hong Kong, Chui (2001) suggest that Hong Kong as one of the Four Dragons of Asia is faced with the gradual ageing problem that seems to have affected the urban fabric of the city as also the general population. However one of the regions in which Hong Kong seems to be booming along with the economy is property development as Hong Kong is mainly based on a property led economy and the government as well as private and public property developers have been launching redevelopment projects for setting up new structures in Hong Kong. However as Chui points out the special needs problems of elderly people have not been attended to and most of Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s elderly people are poor physically, financially and socially. However with urban renewal and changes, the elderly people are at disadvantage and face threats to their survival as they are not in a position to cope with the restructuring changes in Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s fast paced urban development projects. There has also been a gradual weakening of the respect to Chinese traditional values and culture as for the respect given to the elderly and this along with nuclearization of families have added to the problems of the elderly. Chui writes that government housing policies in Hong Kong should emphasize on community care and ageing in place and help in solving housing problems and needs of the elderly. The study shows the plight of older people in Hong Kong, a booming economy in the South Asian region and a contrasting fate of the elderly people. The gender gap in wages has been analyzed by some researchers and the trend shows a narrowing gender gap in wages. According to Fan and Lui (2003), the narrowing gender gap may be related to womenÃ¢â¬â¢s advantages compared with earlier times especially womenÃ¢â¬â¢s changing positions at the workplace. Gender gap is found as smaller in occupations and industries that are less dependent on physical labour as men are more suitable for physically rigorous work. This shows that when an economy transforms from a manufacturing or production oriented approach to a more service oriented one, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity would be recognized an with increased womenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in service based economies, the gender gap on the basis of wage or participation at the workplace also decreases. A 1% random subsample was used in this study for two population censuses and the results of the experiment also support empirical results. Methodology The methodology to be used for this study will be both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The qualitative and quantitative data would be primarily available from the internet and research journal databases and journal articles will be selected along with studies by the Hong Kong government as based on the economic indicators, as well as statistical and other government reports on the population and GDP, GNP and labor or prices. Of course in this section we highlight the importance of theory and practice and differentiate between the theories and the practical implications of research and the use of methodology to explain these two features. The theories that will be dealt with will be economic theories and changes in the global economy along with changes in the Hong Kong economic structure. The practical implications here would be changes in the population structure statistically obtained and otherwise and population changes as indicated in journal articles that deal with ageing and its associated problems in Hong Kong. The theories and practice of the economic and population changes in Hong Kong will be obtained from journal articles selected from journal databases and these articles are obtained by using search terms such as Ã¢â¬ËHong Kong economyÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËHong Kong population, Ã¢â¬ËAgeing population, Ã¢â¬ËSouth Asian EconomyÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËEconomic structure of Hong Kong, Population of Hong Kong, Ã¢â¬ËElderly in Hong Kong, Ã¢â¬ËEmployment in Hong Kong and EconomyÃ¢â¬â¢ etc. As indicated in the later part of the study, the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s reports on the economic changes and population changes have been given here and the results can be used to show the trends and the analysis can be done quantitatively and qualitatively to show the changes in population in terms of age, gender and wages or social status. In fact wage structure shows changes in economic conditions of the major part of population and results could be drawn to show how economy and wages would be related in turn to gender and age and the overall impact this has on the Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s population structure could be drawn in the analysis and interpretation section of the results. The different possible methodological frameworks would be the qualitative methodology and the quantitative methodology. Qualitative methodology is about understanding the more qualitative or subjective aspects of the population and delineating the attributes or the characteristics of job changes, economic structure and population structure in Hong Kong. Quantitative methodology is about showing statistical tables and values and suggests the population and economic structural changes in terms of values or numbers as given in statistical tables. The impact of old age or ageing population on the economy as discussed qualitatively by researchers would form part of the study using journal articles and descriptions of the situation as given by researchers in articles and published papers as would be the quantitative aspects that are given in published reports and statistical tables giving values or numbers that define the changes in Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s social, demographic and economic structure quantitatively in terms of values, statistics and numbers. A snapshot of the qualitative and quantitative primary data as would be used in the research study is given below and from some of the research papers as used in the literature review and the reports published by the Hong Kong government, the primary data in terms of tables or published research reports will be chosen and analyzed for the purposes of this study. The published articles or papers in journals as selected from ingenta, sciencedirect, JSTOR or other such databases thus provide the basis for qualitative primary data and the published research reports as available from Hong Kong government sites showing statistical analysis of population and economic structure form the more quantiatve aspects of this study and a balance of quantitative and qualitative methods will be considered for analysis of this research study. Social science research is largely based on ontological and epistemological propositions that help to understand consumer behavior and in this case population structure and government approach to population and how it affects Hong Kong economy in general. From the ontological point of view any phenomena could be analyzed objectively using economic data and in this case the economic structure of Hong Kong could be comparatively objectively analyzed considering other developed or developing economies and the effects of population on economy. The epistemological approach to methodology emphasizes on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perspectives and the subjective or qualitative aspects of research as already indicated. Positivistic and Interpretive theories in social science research focus on scientific data (as in positivism) in which experimental findings are of prime importance and interpretive analysis in which drawing out qualitative aspects and viewpoints of the researcher would be more important. The epistemological, interpretive positions are closer to qualitative methodology and the positivistic, ontological philosophies are akin to quantitative methodology as used in any research project. The Table below provides the population structure of Hong Kong by age and sex and as seen from the initial study of 2007 population growth and structure, 3. 9% of the population is above 60 years of age, 3. 4% of the population is above 65 or 70 years of age, 2. 7% of the population reaches above 75 year limit and 1. 7% of the population crosses the 80 year old mark. 1. 4% of the population is above 85 years. This suggests that a significant portion of the population is an aged population in Hong Kong and this is a change from 2006 in which the 60 year old population was at 3. 7% and above 75 year olds was at 2. 6% and above 85 year olds was at 1. 3%. The charts show that thee has been a slight yet significant increase in aging population of Hong Kong and considerable decrease in the young population as seen from the population data of 2006-2007. If data is attained over a period of last 10 years this aging population trend will however become more prominent and this will be elaborated in the methodology and data collection section of the research. This research table thus forms part of the resources that we use as data for our study on the effects of population on economic structure.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
An Inspector Call Responsibility n being responsible; a moral obligation or duty; a charge or trust; a thing one is responsible for. Responsibility is very important in the play, because no body was actually officially fully blamed. So Priestley leaves it up to the audience to decide who is to blame, if anyone. If the so-called Eva Smith really existed, and if the inspector was really. Gerald:"That man wasn't a police officer." (Page 62) Birling:"There you are! Proof positive. The whole story's just a lot of moonshine" (Page 70) At the time Priestley wrote this book there was very large boundaries between the rich and the poor where huge. So he wrote this book on responsibility. So from what I know, I think the reason why Priestley used a rich family to base the play around is because wealthy people thought they were on a morally different plane. They felt were not accountable for anything, so Priestly made them vulnerable to show they were human and so had to conform to the same morals and ethics. Sheila: "he knows. Of course he knows. And I hate to think how much he knows that we don't know yet." (Page 26) This gives the play more power, knowing the rich are vulnerable, even though they have threatened and attempted to bribe the Inspector to get out of trouble. Birling: "How do you get on with our Chief Constable, Colonel Roberts? I see him fairly frequently. We play golf together" (Page 16) This extra punch is given because; at the time it was made the rich were still almost invulnerable, they could not be touched by a commoner, and yet in this play a complete stranger - who is obviously less affluent than them, practically demolishes their lives. The life-style of the poor in that era was extremely bad - they worked extortionate hours for low pay and lived I slums. This meant the poor never had a glimmer of happiness: Gerald: "she was desperately hard up and at that moment was actually hungry" (Page 36) The play is the tale of a rich family, that are accosted by a man claiming to be a police inspector. The family members have sometime bad to a woman two of them were called Eva Smith and Daisy Renton. Inspector Goole pulls all of these incidents together and bluffs his way through the family's questions until they believe that it was a singular girl. The family then move through a process of blaming each other for pushing this girl to commit suicide, and thinking that their lives and family name is ruined. Then the family discover that Mr Goole is in
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
How guns and firearms are sold and owned in the United States of America has changed as both firearms and the outlook of the general public about gun ownership by private individuals developed and changed over time. From the very first time firearms were introduced to the public to the use of firearms for a variety of reasons other than as a weapon to kill or maim another human being intentionally, laws and regulations state-wide as well as national has been put into action so that the problems arising from poor gun control can be addressed.There are several laws in effect in the United States today which directly affect the selling and ownership of guns. One of these laws is the Brady Handgun Control Act, a law which was campaigned for and was inspired by the vision and dedication of Ms. Sarah Brady, wise of the deceased James Brady. Sarah Brady campaigned for the creation of law that would make gun sale and purchase a process that erases the chances that guns fall into the wrong ha nds. Sarah lost her husband after James was killed during an assassination attempt against former US president Ronal Reagan.The Brady Act was passed, but it has many critics coming from different sides. Some praise the initiative especially those who believe that one of the serious issues that law makers and law enforcement units should address is firearms and violence. Ã¢â¬Å"The Brady Act was passed in response to what Congress describes as an Ã¢â¬Ëepidemic of gun violenceÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬â¢ Whether or not the evaluation reflected in the enactment of the Brady Act is correct as to the extent of the danger and the efficacy of the legislation, the congressional decision surely warrants more respect that it is accorded in today's unprecedented decision (Kommers, Finn, Jacobsohn, 2004, p.270). Ã¢â¬ The constitutional law implications of the Brady Act Ã¢â¬â The enactment into law of the Brady Handgun Control Act (previously the Brady Handgun Control Bill) created many after effect s. The immediate constitutional implication of the Brady Act is the changing of what can be considered as the legal process of owning a gun. Prior to the Brady Act, there are no laws that require the screening of individuals who want to purchase a firearm.But because of the Brady Act, suppliers, dealers and sellers of firearms who are identified by the Brady Act as required by the law to undergo customer screening is now constrained to do so, lest they are subjected to the penalties that go with the violation of the Brady Act. Another noticeable effect of the Brady Act in the constitutional law is the idea of enforcing state laws into the federal system, which some believed as a breach of the sovereignty of the states and a direct violation of the tenth amendment.The tenth amendment basically guarantees the sovereignty of the states from the perceived blanket and federal rule of rules and laws which are being imposed nationwide. When the Brady Bill was passed and made the Brady Act, local state governments and courts were torn on whether or not the country is guilty of usurping state powers when they introduced the Brady Act and the features of this particular law.According to the book made by National Research Council titled Ã¢â¬Å"Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings: An Integrated National Strategy for Marking, Tagging, Rendering Inert, and Licensing Explosives and Their Precursors,Ã¢â¬ not all of the states proved to be receptive to the idea of the federal government, and there are some who felt that there are existing problems found in the imposition of the Brady Act in all of the states.Ã¢â¬Å"Shortly after the act's passage, local law enforcement officials from around the country filed lawsuits seeking to enjoin its enforcement and to have its interim provisions declared unconstitutional under the Tenth Amendment (National Research Council, 1998, p. 290). Ã¢â¬ The response of the different courts that heard out this cry over undue pressure from the federal government was varied. This is because the interpretation and tolerance towards the use and imposition of the Brady Act in every state is also different.Some states think that the features of the Brady Act are ok. Ã¢â¬Å"The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in Mack v. United States upheld the constitutionality of the interim provisions, finding in the Brady Act, nothing unusually jarring to our system of federalism (National Research Council, 1998, p. 290). Ã¢â¬ But while there are courts who ruled in favor of the Brady Act and its imposition in the state, there were also instances wherein the court ruled in favor of the state government and its rights, Ã¢â¬Å"some courts, like the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in Koog v.United States, found the interim provisions unconstitutional, explaining that the interim duties effectively commandeer the legislative processes of the States, and in violation of the Tenth Amendment, cross the line from permissible encouragement of a state regulatory response into that constitutionally forbidden territory of coercion of the sovereign States (National Research Council, 1998, p. 290). Ã¢â¬ Besides the friction that the Brady Act made with regards to the relationship of the government of the sovereign states and the federal government, the law also appears to have a significant role in how the law makers would create other laws.The Brady Act acts as precedent for the creation of other laws against other things closely related to firearms, starting with the regulation of explosive products. Facing an age where terrorism is largely defined by the use of bombs and by the presence of chemicals being used for bomb-making, law makers may rethink their position in pending laws that will affect bomb and explosives regulation. Ã¢â¬Å"The fate of the Brad Act has obvious implications for any regulations that Congress may devise to control ammonium nitrate or other explosive products (National Research Council, 1998, p. 290).Ã¢â¬ There are other effects on law and constitution caused by the Brady Act. For example, the Brady Act provided the plug to close several holes in some existing laws in gun control, like the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968 and acted as a law that supported other judicial efforts to combat violence originating from firearms, like the Federal Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The Brady Act as a law went head on against some of the existing state laws on firearms purchase and selling, and because it was a redundancy, some states did not see fit to use or implement it.But this does not seem to matter because, according to Siegel, the Brady Act was considered by some as ineffective in achieving what it was designed for. Ã¢â¬Å"When Jen Ludwig and Philip Cook compared two sets of states Ã¢â¬â thirty-two that installed the Brady Law in 1994 and eighteen states plus the District of Columbia, which already had similar types of laws prior to 1994 Ã¢â¬â they found that there was no evidence that implementing the Brady Law contributed to a reduction in homicide (Siegel, 2005, pg 49).Ã¢â¬ Conclusion Ã¢â¬â It is easily imaginable how the proponents of the Brady Act only had in mind the undertaking of a noble cause to protect the public. But as it turned out, the Brady Bill did not only became a source of confusion and debate concerning constitutional rights of the state government which cannot be breached by federal government, it also proved as a blunt knife when it comes to the effort in cutting down irresponsible firearms sell that leads to violence.Proponents of the Brady Act were hoping that the rest of the country would embrace it and that the efforts will be validated by its efficacy. But at some point they were wrong because of many things. First, there are already similar laws installed in some states that the Brady Law is just an unnecessary cause of confusion for them. Second, the resulting effort to make the Brady A ct a nationwide and blanket law was met with criticisms over the supposed encroachment of federal government illegally on constitutionally protected state government rights.If the Brady Act proves that it can provide a very sound framework from which new rules will be made from (i. e. the law on the restriction of explosives), then the Brady Act will indirectly make a positive contribution towards efforts which are geared in getting the same results similar to the outcome that the Brady Bill was hoping to achieve. References Kommers, Donald P. , Finn, John E. and Jacobsohn, Gary J.(February 2004). American Constitutional Law: Essays, Cases, and Comparative Notes, Second Edition, Volume 1. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. National Research Council (July 1998). Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings: An Integrated National Strategy for Marking, Tagging, Rendering Inert, and Licensing Explosives and Their Precursors. National Academies Press. Siegel, Larry J. (March 2005). Cr iminology. Wadsworth.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Professional Ethics Paper Carolyn Smith HCS/478 August 15, 2011 Ann-Marie Peckham Professional Ethics Paper The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship among professional values, ethics, and legal issues. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s personal values and ethics can influence their professional values and ethics in the workplace. Finding the right balance between personal and professional views in the workplace will help foster a successful career. This paper will cover relationships between legal and ethical issues as well as personal values and professional ethics. Relationships between Legal and Ethical Issues According to Wacker-Guido amp; Watson (2010), there are eight ethical principles that nurses encounter when makingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Alerting professional bodies or to structures internal to an organization about poor practice or other issues of concern, is wholly acceptable. Nurses have a moral obligation and must recognize and challenge medical authority if it is the best thing to do for the patient (Chiarella amp; McInnes, 2008). According to Wacker and Watson, (nd. pg. 70) legal concepts are equally important as ethics concepts in forming a framework for practice in health care settings. A general definition of law is that it concerns rules and regulations by which a society is governed. These rules and regulations are made by individuals and are capable of being changed or modified. Legal issues differ from ethical issues in that laws are external to the individual because they entail the rules and regulations of society as a whole, and laws are concerned with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s conduct and actions as opposed to the motives and values of the individual. The question asked is Ã¢â¬Å"What did the person do or fail to do?Ã¢â¬ rather than Ã¢â¬Å"Why did the person act as he did?Ã¢â¬ Finally, the enforcement of laws is much stronger that enforcement of ethics; laws are enforced through courts of law, statutes, and state boards of nursing. The law recognizes that a competent individual mustShow MoreRelatedEthics Paper : Professional Certifications1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Ethics paper Professional Certifications In the physical therapy field, it is very important to continue education to better understand the need to be effective in restore mobility, relieve pain and reduce the need for surgery and prescription drugs. Being knowledgeable increases marketability. The great thing about physical therapy is that it is needed in hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursingRead MoreThe professional Ethics2426 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesProfessional Ethics There is general recognition of the fact that journalists have responsibilities not only vis-Ã -vis their own convictions but also towards the public. Summarily, four kinds of responsibility may be defined: contractual responsibility in relation to the media and their internal organisation, a social responsibility entailing obligations towards public opinion and society as a whole, responsibility or liability deriving from the obligation to comply with the law and responsibilityRead MoreCareer Ethics : Professional Ethics1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPROFESSIONAL ETHICS Professional ethics in aviation isnÃ¢â¬â¢t something that is thought about every day. Ethics affects all of us and the choices that we make. Ethics in our careers and even in our personal lives depends on you to make better choices by considering the rights and well-being of others you work with and live with that may be affected by our decisions. From time to time people do the wrong thing, itÃ¢â¬â¢s our human nature to commit a mistake. Some mistakes are unintentional but human errorRead MoreCode Of Ethics And Professional Conduct1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReview of the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct of BIP The Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct (CEPC) has been formulated on the basis of article 44, 45, 46, 47 of BIP constitution, to secure the rights and benefits of the Planners community in Bangladesh. CEPC not only provide guidance and support to the members of BIP on their lead in the professional field but also offers assurance to the client who avails the services of Planners. Members have the opportunity to express their opinionRead MoreProfessional Ethics10396 Words Ã |Ã 42 PagesJournal of Accounting, Ethics Public PolicyÃ Ã Volume 3, Number 1 (Winter 2003), pp. 1Ã¢â¬ 26 Ayn Rand and Contemporary Business Ethics Ã Ã Stephen R. C. Hicks Introduction: business and the free society Advocates of the free society think of business as an integral part of the dynamic, progressive society they advocate. In the West, the rise of a culture hospitable to business has unleashed incalculable productive energies. Business professionals have taken the products of science and revolutionizedRead MoreEthics Code Of Professional Ethics980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimportance of AICPAÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"Code of Professional EthicsÃ¢â¬ and its components, and the influence of management perceptions on firmsÃ¢â¬â¢ ethical environment (p. 919). Introduction. The authors study business ethics, compliance with ethics code, ethical issues, and ethical behavior of company management. The researchers concern with ethical believes of company employees and executives, and growing number of legal proceedings due to ethical issues. The ethics code help professionals maintaining independence andRead MoreDuty Ethics And The Professional Military Ethic822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto dominate the contemporary debate: outcome ethics (or consequentialism), duty ethics (or deontology) and virtue ethics. Passing under criticism these three concepts allows evaluating my own philosophy and comparing its compliance to the professional military ethic. Duty ethics or deontology assesses all actions based on a series of rules. This concept views the morality of any action from one angle, the respect of rules. On other words, duty ethics is the set of rules governing a group, the conductRead MoreThe Professional Codes Of Ethics805 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslives. According to Ã¢â¬Å"Chapter 1Ã¢â¬ in the professional codes of ethics section, there are different helping profession and each one has their guidelines of ethics to follow. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a good thing to want to help people and to work in the helping profession, but to help minimize the damage that could occur there are professional codes of ethics and laws put in place. Summary The focus of Ã¢â¬Å"Chapter 1Ã¢â¬ consisted of helping practitioners learn professional ethics which was pointed out on the first pageRead MoreProfessional Ethics Essay1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat Are Professional Ethics The nature of ethics in a professional setting are a frame work of agreements and understandings that have come together in order to ensure a mutually beneficial relationship between all parties. This is the case in any kind of business relationship was well as the in the field of the helping profession. However I think it is more so the case in the helping profession than any other due to the nature of the relationship. In a business venture the parties are more or lessRead MoreProfessional Ethics Paper1903 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesProfessional Ethics Paper Barbara Morrissey HCS/478 January 23, 2012 Ann-Marie Peckham Professional Ethics Paper Medical professionals have a responsibility to their clients to deliver safe, quality care with regard for patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ individuality, needs, and desires. Patients seek out professional health care with their own goals in mind. Their goals may not match ours, but we as health care providers have a duty to inform and treat our clients with competence and afford them the utmost dignity